5 Most Common Pregnancy Issues in Early Days of Pregnancy: Women may experience several health problems during pregnancy. Morning sickness, headaches and backaches, and insomnia, changes in hair and skin colour, indigestion and heartburn, leg cramps and swelling, trouble breathing or shortness of breath, vaginal discharge are all frequent pregnant symptoms. Apart from that, there are many typical concerns that most Indian women suffer throughout pregnancy, such as miscarriage, hypertension, diabetes, premature labour, poor foetal development, preterm rupture of membranes, vaginal bleeding, and anxiety.
We have listed the top 5 most common pregnancy issues that 8 out of 10 Indian women face.
Miscarriages are the most prevalent pregnancy complications, occurring in one out of every seven pregnancies in India. It happens during the first three months of pregnancy and is often accompanied by vaginal bleeding and discomfort.
Uncontrolled diabetes, thyroid issues, obesity, fibroids, and high-grade fever in early pregnancy can all cause miscarriage. The deficiency of Folic acid is also related to an increased risk of miscarriage. Miscarriages can be also caused by a variety of bacterial illnesses, including urinary tract infections. Smoking, drug usage, starvation, excessive coffee use, and exposure to radiation are all examples of bad habits that lead to miscarriage.
2. Anaemia or iron deficiency
Being fatigued or dizzy, having shortness of breath, and becoming pale are among signs of iron deficiency that most Indian women experience during pregnancy. Iron deficiency is a prevalent issue in pregnant women in India and causes pregnancy tiredness and fatigue. According to WHO estimates, anaemia affects 35-75 per cent of pregnant women in India. The cases of Preterm labour and low birth weight are caused by iron deficiency In India.
3. Nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy
Another common pregnancy issue that affects 60-70 per cent of Indian women during pregnancy. Nausea and excessive vomiting in early pregnancy can induce dehydration and exhaustion, which may need hospitalisation. The changes that occur during pregnancy cause food to flow more slowly through the food pipe, stomach, and intestine. The stomach muscles and sphincters relax, causing acid and food regurgitation and worsening heartburn. The growing pregnancy presses higher on the stomach, aggravating the discomfort.
4. Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a worldwide health concern, affecting up to 5 million pregnant women in India each year. Gestational diabetes is a kind of glucose intolerance that occurs in pregnant women and is defined by the detection of the condition during pregnancy. Age, Obesity, and hypertension, are all characteristics that might be linked to gestational diabetes. GD is hypothesised to be caused by insulin resistance caused by pregnancy hormones.
Even if a woman is not diabetic, her blood sugar level may rise during pregnancy. If you are always thirsty or hungry during your pregnancy, or if you need to go to the bathroom regularly to pass urine, you should get your sugar levels checked. If the risk of diabetes is not diagnosed during pregnancy, the baby may be born prematurely, be overweight at birth, or be at risk of type 2 diabetes.
5. High blood pressure/ Hypertension
High blood pressure or hypertension has become a common pregnancy issue that most Indian women face complications that are caused by a before-getting pregnancy or early pregnancy or previous pregnancy. High-risk hypertension or diabetes can occur as a result of a variety of problems that exist during delivery or during the third trimester. The common symptoms of sudden swelling feet, legs, fingers, and face may indicate as high blood pressure. So, if the swelling is excessive or does not go down with rest, consult your doctor.
If there is an issue with high blood pressure during pregnancy, it can be a major hazard and there is a chance of harm to other organs. If you notice any of the following symptoms in your body: extreme swelling in your hands and feet, water retention, nausea and headache, difficulties seeing, difficulty breathing, etc. take them seriously and call your doctor right once.